The Buddhist flag is a flag designed in the late 19th century of the Christian era to symbolize and universally represent Buddhism. It is used by Buddhists throughout the world.
This flag was published in the Sarasavi Sandaresa newspaper of April 17, B.E.2428, A.D.1885 and was first hoisted in public on Vesak day, April 28, B.E.2428, A.D.1885 at the Dipaduttamarama, Kotahena, by Ven. Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera. This was the first Vesak public holiday under British rule.
Colonel Henry Steel Olcott, an American journalist, founder and first president of the Theosophical Society, felt that its long streaming shape made it inconvenient for general use. He therefore suggested modifying it so that it was the size and shape of national flags. Modifications were made accordingly, which were adopted. The modified flag was published in the Sarasavi Sandaresa of April 8, B.E.2429, A.D.1886 and first hoisted on Vesak day B.E.2430, A.D.1886.
In B.E.2433, A.D.1889 the modified flag was introduced to Japan by Anagarika Dharmapala and Olcott—who presented it to the Emperor—and subsequently to Burma.
At the inaugural conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists on May 25, B.E.2494, A.D.1950, its founder President Professor G P Malasekera proposed that this flag be adopted as the flag of Buddhists throughout the world; this motion was unanimously passed.
The six vertical bands of the flag represent the six colors of the aura which Buddhists believe emanated from the body of the Buddha when he attained Enlightenment:
Colonel Henry Steel Olcott. Courtesy Wikipedia
Blue (Nila): Loving kindness, peace and universal compassion Yellow (Pita): The Middle Path – avoiding extremes, emptiness Red (Lohita): The blessings of practice – achievement, wisdom, virtue, fortune and dignity White (Odata): The purity of Dharma – leading to liberation, outside of time or space Orange (Manjesta): The Buddha’s teachings – wisdom
The sixth vertical band, on the fly, is made up of a combination of rectangular bands of the five other colours, and represents a compound of the other five colours in the aura’s spectrum. This compound colour is referred to as Pabbhassara (‘essence of light’). Courtesy Wikipedia
A Dhamma Talk on Vipassana and mindfulness meditation by Vipassana Gossalaya Jotannano Hong Keo, Vipassana Buddhist Master during a 10-Day Meditation & Vipassana Retreats at the Buddhist Meditation Center, Wat Kiryvongsa Bopharam on the 11th Waxing Moon – 7th Waning Moon of Jeṭṭha B.E.2560 equivalent to June 15 – 26, A.D.2016 in Leverett, Massachusetts, U.S.A. in 2016.
ក្រុងសាវត្ថី Sāvatthī or Śrāvastī
Vipassana chanting by Meditation Master Ketodhammo Som Bunthoeun. Footages from 2016 Vipassana classes at the Buddhist Meditation Center – Wat Kiryvongsa Bopharam in Leverett, Massachusetts, USA.
SAMDECH CHUON NATH
Khmer literature and Dhamma talk by His Holiness Jotannano Chuon Nath, the Supreme Patriarch of Cambodia Buddhism. His Holiness was born on March 11, 1883; passed away on September 25, 1969
MAHA GHOSANANDA SERVICES
Extraordinary Funeral and Memorial Services for His Holiness Samdech Dr. Maha Ghosananda